Celecoxib is the generic name for the brand-name Celebrex®. Both contain the active ingredient Celecoxib.
Celecoxib is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to help reduce the swelling and pain associated with several medical conditions such as arthritis, acute pain and other ailments. It is also used as a treatment for ankylosing spondylitis. Celecoxib is also used to treat juvenile arthritis in children over two years of age.
How does celecoxib work?
Celecoxib works by blocking the enzymes in your body which produce prostaglandins. The reduction of prostaglandin production reduces pain and swelling in the body.
How do you take celecoxib?
Generic celecoxib and brand-name Celebrex both comes in capsule form.
Celecoxib is usually taken once or twice per day with food to avoid stomach upset. It should also be taken with a full glass of water.
It may take a couple of weeks before the full benefit of the medication is realized. Do not increase this medication without your doctor’s advice. Those taking this medication on an as-needed basis should take this medication at the first sign of discomfort or pain, as waiting until the pain is severe before taking the medication may not be as effective.
What are the side effects of celecoxib?
Common side effects may include:
- Increase in blood pressure
- Upset stomach or reflux
- Cold symptoms such as sore throat and stuffy nose
- Swelling of hands and/or feet
- Stomach pain, diarrhea, constipation, nausea
Seek immediate medical attention and stop taking celecoxib if you experience any of the following symptoms:
- Severe headache
- Heart problems such as shortness of breath, unexplained weight gain, or swelling of hands/feet
- Signs of stomach bleeding such as tarry or bloody faeces
- Liver problems such as stomach pain in the upper right area, itching, rash, dark urine, jaundice.
- Kidney problems such as swelling of the feet/ankles, little urination
- Signs of anemia such as pale skin, fatigue, shortness of breath, cold hands/or feet.
- Any signs of heart attack or stroke such as chest pain, sudden numbness or weakness
This not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, please contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Because celecoxib is a powerful medication, it should be used under doctor’s care with regular testing. Tell your doctor if you have a history of asthma, high blood pressure, heart disease, liver disease, kidney disease or if you smoke and/or drink alcohol.
If you have questions about your prescription medications or any other medication, please contact Canada Online Health by calling toll free 1-800-399-DRUG (3784). One representative will be happy to assist you or transfer you to a licensed Canadian pharmacist for a free consultation.
This article contains medical information provided to help you better understand this particular medical condition or process, and may contain information about medication often used as part of a treatment plan prescribed by a doctor. It is not intended to be used as either a diagnosis or recommendation for treatment of your particular medical situation. If you are unwell, concerned about your physical or mental state, or are experiencing symptoms you should speak with your doctor or primary health care provider. If you are in medical distress please contact emergency services (such as 911).